Under the terms of the Act, Bòrd na Gàidhlig is required to exercise its functions with a view to securing the status of Gaelic as an official language of Scotland commanding equal respect to the English language through:
- Increasing the number of persons who are able to use and understand the Gaelic language,
- Encouraging the use and understanding of the Gaelic language, and
- Facilitating access, in Scotland and elsewhere, to the Gaelic language and Gaelic culture.
- To promote, and facilitate the promotion of the use and understanding of the Gaelic language, and Gaelic education and Gaelic culture.
- To provide advice (either on request or when it sees fit) to the Scottish Ministers, public bodies and other persons exercising functions of a public nature on matters relating to the Gaelic language, Gaelic education and Gaelic culture.
- To provide advice (on request) to other persons on matters relating to Gaelic.
- To monitor, and report to the Scottish Ministers on, the implementation of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages dated 5 November 1992 in relation to the Gaelic language